Police Efforts in Minnesota Plunge in Year After Floyd Death

Police have been wary to serve the community of Minneapolis as crime skyrockets in the year after George Floyd’s death.

Policing efforts have dropped dramatically in Minneapolis since the death of George Floyd in May of 2020. According to a report by Reuters, traffic stops declined 85 percent this past May in comparison to May of 2020. In that time, suspicious behavior stops are down 76 percent, while routine business checks have also plummeted by 76 percent.

Though policing efforts have declined since Floyd’s death, crime has skyrocketed in the Minnesota city. Minneapolis has seen 65 murders to this point in 2021. If the rate continues at the current pace, murders in the city will reach a two-decade high. Additionally, the month of May reported 91 shootings, which nearly doubles the May shootings in 2020. Violent crimes increased in June of last year and have remained prevalent.

“There isn’t a huge appetite for aggressive police work out there, and the risk/reward, certainly, we’re there and we’re sworn to protect and serve, but you also have to protect yourself and your family,” according to newly retired Minneapolis Police Commander Scott Gerlicher. “Nobody in the job or working on the job can blame those officers for being less aggressive.”

Protesters throw objects onto a burning car outside a Target store near the Third Police Precinct on May 28, 2020, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, during a demonstration over the death of George Floyd. (Krem Yucel/AFP via Getty Images)

Another officer who retired after the death of Floyd explained that “it’s self-preservation.” The officer explained that even his supervisor was not encouraging officers to go out and stop crime. “The supervisor was like, ‘I don’t blame you at all if you don’t want to do anything. Hang out in the station.’ That’s what they’re saying.”

In the past year, 25 percent of Minneapolis police officers either retired or quit. The mass exodus has created a major staffing problem for the police department. Police spokesman John Edler explained that “we were running from call to call and didn’t have time for anything else.”

Mayor Jacob Frey told Reuters that, “our city and our officers are having to handle a host of issues that no other jurisdiction wants to touch with a pole. Cities do need police officers, and yes there are severe consequences when the numbers get as low as ours.”

An anonymous officer claimed that officers now turn a blind eye to minor offenses and elect to take longer routes to 911 calls in hopes that matters resolve themselves before an officer’s arrival. Reuters’ research seems to reinforce this notion as April response times were up 40 percent to 911 calls as opposed to April of 2020. 

State Patrol Police officers block a road on the fourth day of protests on May 29, 2020 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Protesters demand justice for George Floyd who died in police custody. - Five hundred National Guard soldiers and airmen have been deployed in the northern US cities of Minnesota and St. Paul after three nights of violent protests over the police killing of a black man, the force said Friday. "Our troops are trained to protect life, preserve property and ensure people's right to peacefully demonstrate," said Major General Jon Jensen of the Minnesota National Guard. (Photo by Kerem Yucel / AFP) (Photo by KEREM YUCEL/AFP via Getty Images)

State Patrol Police officers block a road on the fourth day of protests on May 29, 2020 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. (Kerem Yucel/AFP via Getty Images)

According to law enforcement experts, proactive policing like traffic stops and suspicious behavior stops have positive and safe benefits for the community as a whole. “The evidence that proactive policing works is pretty solid,” explained University of Nebraska Omaha Criminologist Justin Nix. “If police pull back in the aggregate and they’re also pulling back in areas where crime is concentrated, that can be bad news,” Nix said.

While proactive policing leads to gun and drug busts during routine stops and interactions, Councilman Steve Fletcher explained his view that proactive policing is corrosive to community relations between police and the citizens they serve. “Having to pull over 400 people to capture a gun, that’s a lot of people feeling harassed and mistrustful of the police in our city.” 

Citizens are now experiencing the consequences of a neutered police department. Mother Brandy Earthman was shocked to find 10-11 bullet holes in her house upon coming home from an aunt’s birthday dinner. Her children had been playing when bullets came flying through the door. Earthman’s 19-year-old son was shot in the arm and her three-year-old vomited from the terrifying gunshots. Earthman explained that she is making efforts to move as far away from Minneapolis as possible.

Six-year-old Aniya Allen was shot in the head while eating McDonald’s in her parent’s car and succumbed to her injury shortly thereafter. After learning of the death, a man named Marcus Smith reconsidered his anti-police rhetoric and support of protestors. He now wears a kevlar vest and patrols the very corner where Aniya died. Smith explained that “It’s now safe to carry your firearms legally, illegally. You can do that in Minneapolis. It’s a gangster’s paradise.”

Another young child, 10-year-old Ladavionne Garret Jr was napping in his family’s car when he was shot in the head in broad daylight on April 30. Garret Jr has spent the last four months in a hospital and just recently began taking breaths on his own.  His grandmother Sharrie Jennings remarked, “this is every day, there’s shooting, there’s drug dealing. I’ve never been immune to the gun violence, but it was men on men, and now it’s kids and women. These are our future doctors, lawyers, mayors, and they’re not getting a chance at life.”

Jennings continued, “this happened at 2 o’clock in the afternoon. There were other kids out there. It could have been way more tragic than it was. And this is just every day in Minnesota streets, in Minneapolis streets, and the police just ride by like it’s OK.”

The constituents of Minneapolis face a ballot question in November that would eliminate the police department in favor of a Department of Public Safety. On September 7, Judge Jamie Anderson of the Hennepin County District ruled that the language on the ballot was, ‘vague ambiguous and incapable of implementation.”

TOPSHOT - Flames from a nearby fire illuminate protesters standing on a barricade in front of the Third Police Precinct on May 28, 2020 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, during a protest over the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man, who died after a police officer kneeled on his neck for several minutes. - A police precinct in Minnesota went up in flames late on May 28 in a third day of demonstrations as the so-called Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul seethed over the shocking police killing of a handcuffed black man. The precinct, which police had abandoned, burned after a group of protesters pushed through barriers around the building, breaking windows and chanting slogans. A much larger crowd demonstrated as the building went up in flames. (Photo by kerem yucel / AFP) (Photo by KEREM YUCEL/AFP via Getty Images)

Flames from a nearby fire illuminate protesters standing on a barricade in front of the Third Police Precinct on May 28, 2020, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, during a protest over the death of George Floyd. (Kerem Yucel/AFP via Getty Images)

City Council members amended their wording mere hours before the ballots were to begin printing for the November 2 vote. Attorneys for petitioner Don Samuels, who previously served as a City Council member, have raised similar concerns with the council’s new wording. The attorneys requested an emergency hearing of Judge Anderson. “The new ballot language is designed to evade the court’s order and injunction, will mislead and confuse voters, and must not be included on the November 2, 2021, general election ballot,” wrote the attorneys. 

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